Free the Seed! An open source license is a tool … sativus) Cultivars Commercially Available in the United States", "Freeing Crop Genetics through the Open Source Seed Initiative", "Enhancing Freedom to Operate for Plant Breeders and Farmers through Open Source Plant Breeding", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Open_Source_Seed_Initiative&oldid=968265256, Horticultural organizations based in the United States, Articles containing potentially dated statements from July 2017, All articles containing potentially dated statements, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. We are accepting orders under the Pandemic Ordering Terms , and getting them fulfilled in 2 to 4 business days. )[6] influenced the development of OSSI. Several scientific journal articles[9][10][11] have explored ideas surrounding open source plant breeding, genetic variation, and intellectual property. Building from these ideas, plant breeder Thomas Michaels proposed General Public License for Plant Germplasm (GPLPG) in 1999. Fueled by both frustration and outrage, Myers, Morton, and Goldman helped establish a subtly radical group called the Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) in 2012. Nov 12, 2020 The Open Source Seed Initiative permits any contract or agreement for seed increase and/or benefit sharing for OSSI-Pledged varieties in which the restrictions on the use of the seeds are limited to the two contracting parties. Page 3, Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties from the Victory Seed Company ATTENTION : Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. OSSI is dedicated to maintaining fair and open access to plant genetic resources worldwide. farmers, public breeders and small seed companies. Nov 19, 2020; VOLQ: How to Measure Nasdaq-100 Volatility. We are accepting orders under the Pandemic Ordering Terms , and getting them fulfilled in 2 to 4 business days. Open-Source: Freiheit, die man schmeckt. The practical impact of the Open Source Seed Initiative on farmers and gardeners, however, may be limited. The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) is an organization that developed and maintains a mechanism through which plant breeders can designate the new crop varieties they have bred as open source. In addition, OSSI does not Pledge heirlooms or indigenous varieties. Free the Seed! OpenSourceSeeds will Saatgut wieder zu einem Gemeingut für Alle machen. Setting the Table for a Challenging 2021. Kloppenburg's focus on the ownership and control of those resources still remains one of the most pressing questions for future generations. The OSSI was founded in 2012 by a group of plant breeders, farmers, and seed companies. Page 7, Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties from the Victory Seed Company ATTENTION : Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. NPR opined in their report in 2014 that large seed companies would be unlikely to use open-source seeds, as patented seeds are more profitable. Get yours today. Get Involved: Find out how you can help free the seed. The two key features of this license were 1) that GPLPG varieties were freely available for use in as a parent any breeding program and 2) that new varieties developed using one or more GPLPG parents must also be designated as GPLPG. See, for example, Carol Deppe's article in the January issue of Acres/USA- Thirty-three Great Open-Source Organic-Adapted Vegetable Varieties. Kloppenburg himself was inspired by the work of writers and activists Pat Roy Mooney, a Canadian, and Cary Fowler, an American, who began engaging with issues of the public versus private ownership of seed and genetic resources in the 1970s. The OSSI Pledge - http://osseeds.org - " You have the freedom to use these OSSI-Pledged seeds in … Kloppenburg documented the ever-increasing encroachments upon the traditional rights of farmers, gardeners, and plant breeders to save, replant, share, or breed with seed, as well as forced plant breeders and all others interested in crop genetic resources to confront the degree to which they had lost or were losing "freedom to operate" with their seeds. The freedom to save or grow seed for replanting or for any other purpose. We’re working hard to FREE THE SEED! In 2010, a group of plant breeders, seed companies, non-profit organizations, and social scientists met to discuss what an open source system for plant varieties might look like. While some of these views were criticized by plant breeders in the 1980s and 1990s, Kloppenburg argued that the expansion of intellectual property rights over crop genetic resources, including cultivars, genes, and plant traits, is an issue of concern for the future of global agriculture. Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties: In April of 2014, Wild Garden Seed joined with High Mowing Seed and public breeders at three Land Grant Universities (Oregon, Washington, and Wisconsin) to release seeds of our own breeding under the auspices of the Open Source Seed Initiative, OSSI.The purpose of OSSI is to create an ethically bounded genetic commons. OSSI appears in The Sociology of Food and Agriculture[8] by Michael Carolan. Members of the group are unhappy with the patenting of plant varieties, as they say the patenting of seeds restricts plant breeders' freedom and increases the power of large seed companies. Any user can gain access to the germplasm and use it for any purpose, as long as they pledge not to restrict others' use of this same germplasm as well as to pass the Pledge along if they share or sell the germplasm. Operating under the radar, its mission was to reestablish free exchange by creating a reservoir of seed that couldn’t be patented—“a national park of germplasm,” Goldman called it. In response, an Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) has been launched in the United States to apply legal mechanisms drawn from the open source software movement to plant breeding. The Open Source Seed Initiative was founded in 2012 to protect the ability to share seeds. 5 days ago; Post-Election Market Trends 2020. (This term "freedom to operate" has come to mean the degree to which seeds and the genes contained in those seeds can be freely used by breeders, gardeners, farmers, and seed producers without legal restriction.). OSSI Partner Seed Companies sell OSSI-Pledged varieties, acknowledge the OSSI breeders in their variety descriptions, label OSSI-Pledged varieties with the OSSI logo, and include the Pledge and information about OSSI in their catalogs and on their websites. If you prefer not to donate online, you can always send a check made out to the Open Source Seed Initiative, 1251 Sweetbriar Rd, Madison, WI 53705. While these efforts are ongoing, significant limitations to global germplasm exchange still challenge and limit their potential gains. OSSI has developed a relationship with Seed Savers Exchange. And they speculated that farmers may have trouble finding open-source seeds for sale. [4] At first the OSSI tried to draft a legally-defensible license, but they found that the principle of software licenses did not translate easily to plants, as a license on plant seeds would need to continue to each new generations of plants, quickly creating a huge amount of legal work. Today, only a handful of companies account for most of the world’s commercial breeding and seed sales. The work of University of Wisconsin sociologist Jack Kloppenburg, particularly his book First the Seed: The Political Economy of Plant Biotechnology, 1492-2000 (2nd ed. Even though anyone can use such seed, most people probably won't be … The intention is that the use of seed bearing the Open Source Seed Pledge never be restricted, and that anyone reproducing or transferring the seed or its derivatives will … Dazu statten wir neue Sorten mit der Open-Source Lizenz aus. Release of OSSI varieties and current activity, Thirty-three Great Open-Source Organic-Adapted Vegetable Varieties, International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture, "Fighting the seed monopoly: 'We want to make free seed a sort of meme, "The Open Source Seed Initiative: Let's Take Back Our Seeds", "Plant Breeders Release First 'Open Source Seeds, "Open-Source Seeds Fight Corporate Crop Control", "International Space Station Astronauts Look Forward To Today's First Taste Of Space Harvest", "Assessment and Accessibility of Phenotypic and Genotypic Diversity of Carrot (Daucus carota L. var. They are organic cotton, very soft, and carry the OSSI logo on front and “Free the Seed!” on the back. OSSI’s mission: to maintain fair and open access to plant genetic resources worldwide in order to ensure the availability of germplasm (seeds) to farmers, gardeners, breeders, and communities of this and future generations. Use of the Pledge ensures the four open source seed freedoms for this and future generations, including: OSSI's mission bears some similarities to the mission of organizations such as Seed Savers Exchange, but it is different in that OSSI provides an explicit Pledge with its seeds that is designed to keep seeds free through the establishment of a protected commons. One of the consequences of an increasing global awareness of the finite nature of crop genetic resources and the debate over ownership of these resources has been the establishment of gene banks and seed banks in many countries, notably Fowler's recent efforts to develop the Svalbard Global Seed Vault off the coast of Norway in the Arctic Svalbard Archipelago. The license was explicitly modeled on the General Public License that had been developed by Richard Stallman and others in the computer software community. In response, an Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) has been launched in the United States to apply legal mechanisms drawn from the open source software movement to plant breeding. All proceeds go to support our work. Page 4, Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties from the Victory Seed Company ATTENTION : Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) seeks to protect a wide range of newly bred varieties from being targeted by these companies, and does it by applying Open Source designations to varieties that have been pledged by their breeders. The Open Source Seed Initiative is the first attempt to afford this protection, largely by employing the twin miracles of light and transparency. OSSI also places articles in magazines for gardeners and farmers during the seed ordering season so as to attract visitors to its website and channel those visitors to its seed company partners where they can buy the seed. The Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI) is an organization that developed and maintains a mechanism through which plant breeders can designate the new crop varieties they have bred as open source.This mechanism is advanced as an alternative to patent-protected seeds sold by large agriculture companies such as Monsanto or DuPont. Das ist ein einfacher Weg, Saatgut rechtlich vor Patenten und anderen Formen der Privatisierung zu schützen. Tom Stearns was an early supporter and advisor to the OSSI founders. Increasingly, patenting and restrictive contracts are used to enhance the power and control of these companies over the seeds and the farmers that feed the world. (including this payment) *. OSSI differs from plant breeders' rights and plant variety protection in that the Pledge allows recipients to do anything they want with the seed except restrict it. [3] However by July, 2017, OSSI had over 375 varieties of more than 50 crops bred by 36 breeders and being sold by 46 seed company partners. In return, you pledge not to restrict others' use of these seeds or their derivatives by patents or other means, and to include this pledge with any transfer of these seeds or their derivatives." Page 5, Open Source Seed Initiative Pledged Varieties from the Victory Seed Company ATTENTION : Thank you so much for your patience and support during these difficult times. OSSI thus creates a market for ethically produced, "freed seed" analogous to the markets for "fair trade" and "organic" products. Open source seeds are part of a new initiative that a number of colleagues have developed, beginning in about 2011. 53 talking about this. Shopping Cart: 0 items: Navigation - Home - Place Your Order - My Account - About Us - Latest Additions - OSSI Varieties - Request Catalog - Articles It only Pledges varieties contributed and Pledged by their breeders. The Open Source Seed Initiative was established in May 2012, by a group of public plant breeders, small seed company plant breeders, farmer-breeders, and advocates for seed sovereignty. This mechanism is advanced as an alternative to patent-protected seeds sold by large agriculture companies such as Monsanto or DuPont. International efforts, coordinated through the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations and the United Nations Environment Program, and manifest through agreements such as the International Treaty on Plant Genetic Resources for Food and Agriculture and the Convention on Biological Diversity, have sought global solutions to sustainable and fair use of the planet's crop genetic resources. Their discussions launched the idea of the Open Source Seed Initiative (OSSI), … In April 2014, the OSSI released its first 36 open-source seed varieties.[4]. The freedom to trial and study seed and to share or publish information about it. Diversity: Start exploring hundreds of unique OSSI-pledged varieties. OSSI is a 501(c)3 non-profit and donations are tax deductible within the guidelines of U.S. law. Taking inspiration from open source software, the OSSI seeks to create a "protected commons" of open-source seed varieties as an alternative to patented or otherwise legally restricted seeds. Seed Saver's new online and print editions of the Garden Seed Inventory will label all OSSI-Pledged varieties with the OSSI logo and the name of the breeder, and will include the Pledge in the beginning of the book. 4 business days 6 ] influenced the development of OSSI breeding and seed sales seed. Grow seed for replanting or for any other purpose varieties contributed and Pledged by their.! By farmers and gardeners, however, may be limited seed marked with this logo are Open-Source-Pledged varieties [. Ossi ) seed marked with this logo are Open-Source-Pledged varieties. [ 4 ] still remains one of the pressing! 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