Bagh Kolkata, West Bengal, 700001, India, 3 Esplanade Row West, B.B.D. Belvedere House is thought to have been built by Mir Jafar Ali Khan, the Nawab (ruler) of Bengal during the 1760s, who then transferred it to the British East India Company. While the aforementioned building, the Victoria Memorial, is a distinguishing feature of the city, there are quite a few structures that now lie in different stages of decay. Tudor and mock-Gothic building styles enjoyed a revival and the early part of the period involved highly-elaborate detailing. Before this, Anglicans depended on the much smaller St. John’s Cathedral that had been built in 1787. It was used for social gatherings. Development of colonial architecture in india, No public clipboards found for this slide. The British “White Town” included many of the colonial buildings and municipal offices still in use today, while “Black Town” was comprised of large parts of North Kolkata, including old rajbaris, the houses of influential locals. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. British colonial architecture hence came into the picture the very instant that the British set shop in India. Approaches to architecture became simpler towards the end of the era. British colonial architecture in India — from the British India period (c.1610s−1947) in present-day India and Pakistan. Warren Hastings House is still renowned as one of the amazing heritage structures of Kolkata. With the exception of the central areas where Europeans formerly lived, the city has grown haphazardly. Home to the National Library Of India, the largest library in the country by volume, the Belvedere Estate is believed to have been constructed in the mid-18th century. Extraordinary wealth of European-style architecture from the eighteenth century to the middle of the twentieth. The Victoria Memorial is Kolkata's standout building and blends elements of British Victorian and Indian architecture. There exact periods are disputed, even where they roughly correlate with the reign of specific monarchs. It reveals the beauty of Gothic revival architecture. A distinctive architectural style of this period consisted of homes with pebbledashed walls, recessed porches, and mock timber framing, inspired by the Arts and Crafts designs. Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. Built in 1813 to provide a place for Calcutta’s European community to gather for social events, the Kolkata Town Hall is today among the best-known buildings in the city. While the Tudor Arch or the Four-Centred Arch is the distinguishing feature most people would recognise the timber-framed houses of the Tudor era. http://animeshray.com/restoration-of-esplanade-mansions/, 1. MITHILESH MANDAL (114AR0006) According to Gullick (2000), before the Second World War, the British had started to make its impact in Malaya’s architecture. It is a two story building which comprises a big gallery on the upper floor, conveyed with many halls. Architecture of the British Raj - Evolution of styles in Mumbai, Kolkata & Delhi. It has a decorative or protective function and is usually of wood, although tile and marble have at times been popular. Construction & Architecture. A typical use of wainscot appears in early English Renaissance mansions where oak paneling to a height of 8 or 10 feet (2.5 to 3 m) was installed and hung with paintings or armour. The British followed various architectural styles – Gothic, Imperial, Christian, English Renaissance and Victorian being the essentials. Architectural Importance. The monument is famed for having the first ever elevator of Kolkata. Subcategories This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. This architectural style is commonly used in administrative buildings. The term ‘ brutalism ’ is derived from ‘Béton brut’ (raw concrete ) and was first used in architecture by Le Corbusier . Visits the major centres of British power, still India’s leading cities – Mumbai, Kolkata and Delhi. These six colonial-era buildings are striking reminders of a Calcutta (present-day Kolkata) that served as capital to British India. Designed by British architect Walter Granville, the structure is said to be modeled on the, Victoria Memorial Hall, 1 Queens Way, Maidan, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700071, India, Cathedral Road, Maidan, Kolkata, West Bengal, 700071, India, Kolkata Town Hall Esplanade Row West, B.B.D. Mumbai- A forgotten port because of its weather, was renovated after the Sepoy Mutiny in 1857. The building of national Library is a beautiful house designed with distinctive English architectural style of 19th century. The Middle Ages - 1066 and all that. Located in Kolkata, St. Paul’s Cathedral features a unique architectural style. The architecture replicates the cubical western architectural style of British era. Traditionally, British wainscot was made of oak—imported from Russia, Germany, or Holland—and wainscot oak remains a term for select, quartersawn oak for paneling. The architecture of England is the architecture of modern England and in the historic Kingdom of England.It often includes buildings created under English influence or by English architects in other parts of the world, particularly in the English and later British colonies and Empire, which developed into the Commonwealth of Nations. Architecture is about evolution, not revolution. The Indo-Saracenic Revival (also known as Indo- Gothic , Mughal-Gothic, Neo-Mughal, or Hindu-Gothic) was an architectural style and movement by British architects in the late 19th century. Clipping is a handy way to collect important slides you want to go back to later. William Emerson, the then president of the Royal Institute of British Architects was the chief architect of the memorial that was designed in Indo-Saracenic revivalist style. 6,30,510 and was particularly noted for its domed roof and the 28 corinthian pillars. This CNI church has an Anglican background in the heart of Kolkata. It … It drew elements from native Indo- Islamic and Indian architecture, and combined it with the Gothic revival and neo-classical styles favoured in Victorian Britain. colonialism in kolkata-gothic revival,indo saracenic. British colonial architecture in India — from the British India period (c.1610s−1947) in present-day India and Pakistan. Howrah Station: Constructed first in the British period, the Howrah Station housed the second railway line linking Calcutta with Bardhaman coal fields. We see a plethora of architectural styles that have developed in India throughout history. Featuring gothic architecture and stained-glass windows, the pristine-white cathedral was built to tend to Calcutta’s growing European community in the early-19th century. KOLKATA Subcategories This category has the following 3 subcategories, out of 3 total. We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. The oldest High Court in India, this establishment was set up in 1862 – although the neo-gothic building it’s housed in wasn’t constructed until 10 years later. The periods listed below are representative of the prominence of very broad architectural styles in England. The style encompassed a blend of British architectural style with that of Egyptian, Venetian, Deccani, Mughal and other Islamic styles. This architectural style is commonly used in administrative buildings. The plan comprises a central core with four radiating wings. The house is formerly decorated in while colour. The Victorian era consisted of various British architectural styles, including Medieval and Renaissance. Built in 1847, this is said to be the largest cathedral in India’s City of Joy. mixture of the British and Moghul Architectural style (Indian Muslim) in India. 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