European Rabbits are a threat to the agricultural crops, which in turn threats the environment. [38] Although now common in the Scottish lowlands, the species was little known in Scotland before the 19th century. In 1850 three pairs of the European rabbits were turned loose in Australia.,,,,,,, i think this website is very educationaL AND SUPPORTING TO OUR LOVEABLE ANIMALS EXCEPT FOR THE ONES THAT WILL CRUSH YOU AND EAT YOU TO PEICES, Your email address will not be published. Scientific synonyms. [37], The European rabbit's ideal habitat consists of short grasslands with secure refuge (such as burrows, boulders, hedgerows, scrub and woodland) near feeding areas. They are not constructed on any specified plan, and appear to be enlarged or improved as a result of the promiscuous activity of several generations. Later, "cony" referred to the adult animal, while "rabbit" referred to the young. Canada's true snow bunny is the Arctic hare, the nation's only polar rabbit and the largest of all rabbit species found in Canada. Scientific name: Competition and grazing by the feral European Rabbit, Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.) Conservation status in NSW: ... Competition and grazing by the feral European Rabbit Oryctolagus cuniculus (L.) was listed as a KEY THREATENING PROCESS on Schedule 3 of the Threatened Species Conservation Act 1995 [10 May 2001]. × Terrestrial Map - 10km. Cane Toad . Within that 9 year span it reaches reproductive maturity in 4-5months of age and continues breeding till 6 years of age. Greater maternal investment over male offspring may result in higher birth weights for bucks. The scientific name for these animals depends on what kind of rabbit is being discussed. Eyes of European rabbits are set high on its head, as in all rabbits, it helps them detect food and danger from distance. … Additional Information. In the United Kingdom, rabbit was a popular food source for the poorer classes. The European rabbit or coney is a species of rabbit native to southwestern Europe and to northwest Africa. Rest of the day they tend to snuggle up near vegetation lands for shelter from predators. The exact date on which the European rabbit was introduced into Chile is unknown, though the first references to it occur during the mid-18th century. While the European rabbit is the best-known species, it is probably also the least typical, as there is considerable variability in the natural history of rabbits. European rabbits are extremely social animals and thus they live in huge communities. One theory states that the Romans converted the phrase i-Shaphan-ím, with influence from the Greek Spania, to its Latin form, Hispania, which evolved in all the Iberian languages: into Castilian España, Portuguese Espanha, Catalan Espanya (English "Spain"), and such other variations in modern languages. During the last stages of the disease, the swellings discharge a fluid rich in viral material, with death usually following on the 11th-12th day of infection. Foxes, dingoes, wolves, lynxes, wolverines and dogs kill both adult and young rabbits by stalking and surprising them in the open. 3. Scientific Name: Oryctolagus cuniculus. Except during times of low rabbit density and abundance of high-quality food, male ranges tend to be larger than those held by females. [7] The European rabbit exhibits great variation in colour, from light sandy, to dark grey and completely black. ABOUT THE EUROPEAN RABBIT * The European rabbits scientific name is Oryctolagus Cuniculus. [26] The size of the species' home range varies according to habitat, food, shelter, cover from predators, and breeding sites, though it is generally small, encompassing about 0.3-0.7 hectares. It has been widely introduced elsewhere, often with devastating effects on local biodiversity. Due to the huge population strength of the European rabbits, they are a serious challenge to the agricultural crops and environment. "Warren" comes from the Old English wareine, itself derived from the Old French warenne, varenne, or garenne. [44] Wildcats take rabbits according to availability: in eastern Scotland, where rabbits are abundant, they can comprise over 90% of the wildcats' diet. Common Name: European Rabbit Common Name Synonyms: Eurasian Rabbit, Rabbit, Common Rabbit Scientific Name: Oryctolagus cuniculus Size: 35-55cm from head to tail-base + 4-8cm long tail = 39-63cm from head to tail. [19] An adult European rabbit can measure 40 centimetres (16 in) in length, and weigh 1,200–2,000 grams (2.6–4.4 lb). European rabbits secrete a liquid from the glands under their chins, spreads it to mark their territory. The European rabbit is the only rabbit species that has been domesticated and all 305 global rabbit breeds— from Netherland Dwarf to Flemish Giant— are descendants of the European rabbit. They are an important prey species and are hunted by a wide range of predators, including foxes, weasels, eagles, hawks, wildcats and lynxes. European Rabbit . [5], The term "cony" or "coney" predates "rabbit", and first occurred during the 13th century to refer to the animal's pelt. It is a furry animal. Dominance hierarchies exist in parallel for both bucks and does. [62] Major myxomatosis outbreaks still occur in Britain, peaking twice annually in during spring and especially in the late summer or autumn periods, though immunity has reduced the mortality rate from 99% to 5-33%.[48]. Oryctolagus cuniculus. What is the difference between a rabbit and a hare? It is also dyed or clipped, and sold as imitations of more valuable furbearers, such as fur seal. European … Their fur is prized for its softness; today, Angora rabbits are raised for their long, soft fur, which is often spun into yarn. All lower taxonomy nodes (2) Common name i: Rabbit: Synonym i-Other names i ›European rabbit ›Japanese white rabbit ›Lepus cuniculus ›New Zealand rabbit ›domestic rabbit More » « Less: Rank i: SPECIES: Lineage i › cellular organisms › Eukaryota › Opisthokonta › Metazoa › Eumetazoa › Bilateria European rabbit has long, upright, straight ears. There are four incisor teeth in European rabbits which help them tear off plant parts. Much of the modern research into wild rabbit behaviour was carried out in the 1960s by two research centres. Lepus cuniculus Linnaeus, 1758. * The European rabbits live in Europe in an open field. In some urban areas, infestations of feral European rabbits (descended from pets) have become a problem. Facebook. A female European rabbit is capable of reproducing about many off-springs a year. [23] Territoriality and aggression contribute greatly to the rabbits' maturation process, and help ensure survival of the population. It has been widely introduced elsewhere often with devastating effects on local biodiversity. Although cheap and easily acquired, rabbit fur has little durability. The European rabbit is both a pest and a promoter of the ecosystem. Rabbits have long hind legs and short front legs. The European rabbit occupies open landscapes such as fields, parks, and gardens, although it has colonized habitats from stony deserts to subalpine valleys. © 2020 (Animal Spot). 4. The scientific name of the Common Hare is Lepus capensis (two species belong to this group: the Cape Hare, which is the Mediterranean species, and the European species, Lepus europaeus). Feral rabbit control is complicated because of welfare and harvesting issues, and because both native and introduced predators feed on feral rabbits in many parts of Australia. 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